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What to Do for a Toothache

Smita Pandit Jul 27, 2020
A toothache refers to the pain in and around a tooth. It could be caused due to dental caries, tooth abscess, gum infection, exposed root, infection, tooth fracture, etc. This write-up provides a few home remedies for this dental problem.
A toothache can be sharp or dull. It could be constant or intermittent. Pain in and around the affected tooth or gums, redness, swelling, and inflammation of the pulp of the affected tooth can cause a great deal of discomfort. Poor dental hygiene is the main contributing factor for most dental problems.
Infections are certainly lower in case of people who follow a healthy diet and brush and floss teeth regularly. Those who fail to do so are more likely to develop tooth and gum problems due to buildup of bacteria. As the pain can be very debilitating at times, you should find out more about effective home remedies that may provide relief from pain.

Contributing Factors

Dental cavity, tooth abscess, tooth decay, gum diseases, exposed tooth root, eruption of wisdom tooth, chipped or cracked tooth are some of the common contributing factors for pain and tooth sensitivity. Sometimes, the pain could be attributed to non-dental causes.
The pain might be a referred pain caused by an ear ache, inflamed sinuses, muscle spasms, or jaw joint disorder. While a thorough oral examination and study of dental X-rays can help the dentists determine the origin of the pain and the best treatment option, there are certain remedies that can be followed to get relief before you visit a dentist.


Though you can take painkillers to alleviate the pain, women who are pregnant should not pop painkillers without consulting a doctor. If the excruciating pain is making you feel helpless, you can also follow certain home remedies:
  • First of all, gargle with salt water. Add a teaspoon of salt to warm water. Rinse your mouth with this solution at least 3-4 times daily.
  • Wrap an ice cube in a clean cloth, and apply it on the affected tooth. This will numb the nerves. You can apply an icepack on your cheek, if there is any swelling.
  • Soak a cotton ball in brandy and place it directly over the affected tooth or cavity.
  • Clove oil is known for its ability to provide relief. Put a drop of clove oil over a small piece of cloth or a cotton ball and place it over the decayed tooth or cavity. It will hurt a little initially, but soon the nerve endings will become numb and you will get relief.
  • Add lemon juice to asafetida powder and heat it. Make sure it is not scalding hot. Dip a cotton ball in this solution, and put it over the affected tooth.
  • You can also mix clove oil to a pinch of pepper powder and apply it on the decayed tooth.
  • Peel a garlic clove and place it on the aching tooth and bite. The pain will certainly diminish after sometime.
  • You can also apply a cotton ball soaked in clove oil and oil of oregano over the aching tooth. The pain will subside in some time.
On a concluding note, do pay attention to oral hygiene. Go for dental checkups at least twice a year. Though you can try the aforementioned remedies for temporary pain relief, consulting a dentist is still very important.
The earlier you get the problem diagnosed, the better would be the chances of recovery. If you make delays, the affected tooth might start decaying, and you might have to undergo root canal or have it extracted.